About the elections
The vote was triggered when the Five Star Movement abruptly withdrew support for Mario Draghi’s technocratic government, but elections are scheduled for next year anyway.
The last elections of 2018 brought to power the Five Star Movement in coalition with Matteo Salvini’s right-wing populist League. Salvini later withdrew from the coalition, and Five Star formed a new government with the center-left Democratic Party. Then, in 2021, almost all parties supported the appointment of Mario Draghi as prime minister.
Italy has a true bicameral parliament, in which the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate have equal influence; any law must be approved by both, and any government must have the support of both.
Since 2018, the size of both chambers has been reduced, but the electoral law is the same. Two thirds of parliamentary seats are allocated proportionally, while the rest are allocated in constituencies for the first time. This penalizes smaller parties and leads to the formation of strategic alliances in order to win single-member constituencies. Electoral alliances have no influence on parties once members are elected and will not necessarily reflect the composition of the next government coalition.
Constituencies are generally based on population, with exceptions guaranteeing representation for the two semi-autonomous regions, Val d’Aosta and Trentino-Alto Adige, and a small number of seats in each chamber representing Italians living abroad.
These results are official results published by the Ministry of Interior, not projections made by broadcasters and others based on sample results.